Structured Network Cabling is the backbone of every comprehensive telecommunication infrastructure by serving a wide range of use in providing connectivity for a network. Structured network cabling allows for a multitude of network devices to connect and communicate within a business in order to improve productivity and efficiency in day-to-day operations.
Commonly Used Data & Network Cables
Unshielded Twisted Pair Copper Cabling
Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Cabling is a type of copper cabling used for data and telephony network cabling used in Local Area Networks (LAN) and Telephony Phone Systems. UTP Cables are available in five different types and identified based on its category (defined by the prefix CAT), with each category supporting a different amount of bandwidth.
UTP Cables have up to four twisted pairs of copper wires that come enclosed in a protective plastic cover which determines the amount of bandwidth that cable can carry.
Shielded Twisted Pair Copper Cabling
Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) Cabling is also a type of copper cabling used for data and telephony network cabling used in Local Area Networks (LAN) and Telephony Phone Systems. STP Cables are available in three different types and is also identified based on it's category (defined by the prefix CAT), with each category supporting a different amount of bandwidth.
STP Cables protects data from electromagnetic and radio interference which results in higher transmissions speeds and less data errors within that transmission. STP Cable requires a shielded coupler or jack connected to a ground in order to provide EMI/RFI draining to prevent EMI/RMI from building up and degrading the signal inside the cable
Fiber Optic Cabling
Fiber Optic Cabling contains strands of glass fibers inside an insulated casing, designed for long distance, high-performance data networking and telecommunications. Fiber optics consist of three basic elements: the core, the cladding and the coating. The core is the light transmission pathway of the fiber made of either glass or plastic. The cladding covers the core to provide a lower refractive index at the core interface in order to cause reflection within the core to avoid loss of signal and allow the light to pass through bends in the cable. The coating is made up of multilayered plastics applied to preserve fiber strength, while absorbing shock and provide extra protection to the fiber cable.
The basic two types of fiber optic cabling: single-mode and multimode. Single-mode fiber consist of extremely thin glass strands and a laser to generate light transmission across the fiber cabling. Single-mode optical fiber networks use Wave Division Multiplexing techniques to increase the amount of data traffic that the strand can carry. This allows light at multiple wavelengths to become combined (multiplexed) and later separate appropriately (de-multiplexed) which effectively transmits multiple communication streams throughout a single pulse of light.
Advantages of Fiber Optic Cabling
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